NEWS RADIO

Over the past few weeks, we have learnt about Radio news production, what it includes, its statistics, timing and structure. I have learnt that the difference between a bulletin and headline is that, the bulletin is at the bottom of the hour, and the headline is at the top. The headline is usually rather short and snappy, summarising an article in a few minutes. However, a bulletin described the article in a lot more detail and usually lasts just under five minutes. I have also learnt a lot of other key radio terms, such as a ‘two-way’ which is when two people are speaking on the microphone, for example, Radio 1 used a two-way as a smooth transition from switching presenters from Nick Grimshaw to Fearne Cotton.

Throughout the lessons of learning about Radio news production, we have listened to many examples of how different Radio stations tackle their news, from Capital FM to Radio 5. Capital FM tend to keep it fast-paced, with a bed underneath the music, keeping the listener interested –as the audience for Capital FM tend to be young, between the ages of 14 and 25 their aim is to keep the listener engaged. Capital FM usually mentions local news as it different areas have their own specific Capital FM station. However, Radio 1 is based in London and broadcasted all over the UK, from there. Therefore, Radio 1 tends to cover national and local news so that it appeals to everyone. The Radio 1 Newsbeat is a 15 minute news show, airing twice a day with articles being covered from national, to local, to showbiz. Radio 1 also has a similar audience and therefore their aim is also to keep their audience engaged and focused.

However, Radio 5 was very different, being a lot more formal and about the important news, rather than little stories about celebrities that younger audiences may enjoy – this is because Radio 5 targets an older audience.

In Radio, there are many different parts of the day which split into the different show slots.

The slots include:

  • Breakfast – 6am to 10am,
  • Mid-morning – 10am to 2pm
  • Afternoon – 2pm to 4pm
  • Drive-time – 4pm to 7pm
  • Evening – 7pm to 12am
  • Night – 12am to 4am

The key parts in the radio day, are breakfast and drive-time as this is when there are most listeners (as it is the times when adults are on their way to/from work and teenagers are on their way to/from school), therefore the presenters that are on during those times have to be very engaging and uplifting. The breakfast show is often when the special guest interviews are played on the radio as this is when most listeners are tuned in. The mid-morning presenter however, has to follow in the breakfast presenter’s footsteps and their aim is to try and keep the audience listening and engaged as usually the amount of listeners drop between those hours.

I analysed a 15 minute newsbeat story (Radio 1):

  • April Jones story – arrested man – reporter – copy and clip  (1min 30 seconds long)
  • Justin Lee Collins – warning about language that may be used – live at court – sexual harassment by psycotic ex girlfriend (two-way)
  • Abu Hanza
  • Jimmy Saville – abuse childrens home – woman excusing rape
  • Jingle
  • Website plug for muse story and plug for twitter
  • Game – name that politican
  • Ed Miliband – two-way
  • Tax cut – labour – one nation, comparison to comedian Russell Howard (copy and clip)
  • Jingle
  • Maths teacher – court (copy and clip)
  • Jingle
  • Phone signal – 4G networks at war (copy and clip – interview) Jingle with bed
  • Adele (celeb news) song leaked (song played – plug to website clip on there),
  • Newsbeat jingle
  • Football Champions League and football news, copy and clip – interview with managers,
  • Newsbeat jingle
  • 10 years bassist from Muse – been sober for 3 years out of 10 – had 5/6 beers, recovered now and like a new person (clips of their music played) plug to their website for more information on the story (copy and clip – interview)
  • 6 o clock newsbeat jingle (bed)
  • Rescue team for river 5 year old kidnap,
  • Weather
  • Newsbeat jingle,
  • 10 minute takeover introduced
  • Jingle
  • Presenter comes back and starts talking

Over the past few weeks, we have learnt about Radio news production, what it includes, its statistics, timing and structure. I have learnt that the difference between a bulletin and headline is that, the bulletin is at the bottom of the hour, and the headline is at the top. The headline is usually rather short and snappy, summarising an article in a few minutes. However, a bulletin described the article in a lot more detail and usually lasts just under five minutes. I have also learnt a lot of other key radio terms, such as a ‘two-way’ which is when two people are speaking on the microphone, for example, Radio 1 used a two-way as a smooth transition from switching presenters from Nick Grimshaw to Fearne Cotton.

Throughout the lessons of learning about Radio news production, we have listened to many examples of how different Radio stations tackle their news, from Capital FM to Radio 5. Capital FM tend to keep it fast-paced, with a bed underneath the music, keeping the listener interested –as the audience for Capital FM tend to be young, between the ages of 14 and 25 their aim is to keep the listener engaged. Capital FM usually mentions local news as it different areas have their own specific Capital FM station. However, Radio 1 is based in London and broadcasted all over the UK, from there. Therefore, Radio 1 tends to cover national and local news so that it appeals to everyone. The Radio 1 Newsbeat is a 15 minute news show, airing twice a day with articles being covered from national, to local, to showbiz. Radio 1 also has a similar audience and therefore their aim is also to keep their audience engaged and focused.

However, Radio 5 was very different, being a lot more formal and about the important news, rather than little stories about celebrities that younger audiences may enjoy – this is because Radio 5 targets an older audience.

In Radio, there are many different parts of the day which split into the different show slots.

The slots include:

  • Breakfast – 6am to 10am,
  • Mid-morning – 10am to 2pm
  • Afternoon – 2pm to 4pm
  • Drive-time – 4pm to 7pm
  • Evening – 7pm to 12am
  • Night – 12am to 4am

The key parts in the radio day, are breakfast and drive-time as this is when there are most listeners (as it is the times when adults are on their way to/from work and teenagers are on their way to/from school), therefore the presenters that are on during those times have to be very engaging and uplifting. The breakfast show is often when the special guest interviews are played on the radio as this is when most listeners are tuned in. The mid-morning presenter however, has to follow in the breakfast presenter’s footsteps and their aim is to try and keep the audience listening and engaged as usually the amount of listeners drop between those hours.

I analysed a 15 minute newsbeat story (Radio 1):

  • April Jones story – arrested man – reporter – copy and clip  (1min 30 seconds long)
  • Justin Lee Collins – warning about language that may be used – live at court – sexual harassment by psycotic ex girlfriend (two-way)
  • Abu Hanza
  • Jimmy Saville – abuse childrens home – woman excusing rape
  • Jingle
  • Website plug for muse story and plug for twitter
  • Game – name that politican
  • Ed Miliband – two-way
  • Tax cut – labour – one nation, comparison to comedian Russell Howard (copy and clip)
  • Jingle
  • Maths teacher – court (copy and clip)
  • Jingle
  • Phone signal – 4G networks at war (copy and clip – interview) Jingle with bed
  • Adele (celeb news) song leaked (song played – plug to website clip on there),
  • Newsbeat jingle
  • Football Champions League and football news, copy and clip – interview with managers,
  • Newsbeat jingle
  • 10 years bassist from Muse – been sober for 3 years out of 10 – had 5/6 beers, recovered now and like a new person (clips of their music played) plug to their website for more information on the story (copy and clip – interview)
  • 6 o clock newsbeat jingle (bed)
  • Rescue team for river 5 year old kidnap,
  • Weather
  • Newsbeat jingle,
  • 10 minute takeover introduced
  • Jingle
  • Presenter comes back and starts talking

Over the last few weeks, we have analysed some radio news:

Radio 1 10:30 bulletin:

  • bed in background
  • news jingle in between each news article
  • headline
  • jingle
  • news story and audio clip
  • call-out (interactivity – text in)
  • jingle
  • news story and audio clip
  • weather
  • website trail – Lady Gaga – clipped audio – entertainment reporter
  • spot
  • outro – more at 11:30
  • jingle – into track
  • 4 minutes

Capital FM bulletin

  • news article
  • news article
  • entertainment article
  • jingle
  • weather
  • website plug and ‘more from us in’
  • jingle
  • track
  • speech – over a bed
  • 1 minute

BBC WM – formal

  • local travel news
  • jingle
  • two-way
  • first story – audio clip – West Midlands fire
  • second story – pension – copy and clip
  • third story – money worries – copy and clip
  • flood damage story
  • Lib Dems story
  • Hippodrome story
  • weather
  • outro
  • website plug
  • 4 minutes
  • listeners aged 45-64

Radio

  • difference between a bulletin and headline – bulletin is the bottom of the hour, headline is the top of the hour
  • news is played at o’clock and half past
  • two-way = two people on the microphone – presenters talking to each other
  • Radio 1 has a smooth transition from Nick Grimshaw to Fearne Cotton
  • peak audience – 8-8:30am (key time for guests/interviews)

News stories

  • Olympic star Tom Daley launches celebrity diving show
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